Compilation © 1993 University Publications of America. All rights reserved.

Cl £dt*oru1^i



PART III (1887-1898)

Thomas E. Jeffrey Microfilm Editor

Gregory Field Theresa M. Collins David W. Hutchings Lisa Gltclman Leonard DeGraaf Dennis D. Madden

Mary Ann Hcllrigel Paul B. Israel Robert A. Rosenberg Karen A. Detig Gregory Jankunls Douglas G. Tarr

Reese V. Jenkins Director and Editor


Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey National Park Service, Edison National Historic Site New Jersey Historical Commission Smithsonian Institution

University Publications of America Bethesda, Maryland 1993

Edison signature used with permission of McGraw-Edlson Company.

Thomas A. Edison Pa]

Rutgers, The State Univ endorsed by

National Historical Publications and K 18 June 1981

Copyright © 1993 by Rutgers, The : All rights reserved. No part of this publication including any ponio be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in ;


Reese V. Jenkins Director and Editor

Thomas E. Jeffrey Associate Director and Microfilm Editor

Robert A. Rosenberg Managing Editor, Book Edition

Helen Endlck

Assistant Director for Administration

Associate Editor Paul B. Israel

Research Associates Theresa M. Collins David W. Hutchings Karen A. Detig

Assistant Editors Keith A. Nler Gregory Field Lisa Gltelman Martha J. King


Grace Kurkowski

Gregory Jankunls

Student Assistant Bethany Jankunls


Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Francis L. Lawrence Joseph J. Seneca Richard F. Foley Rudolph M. Bell

New Jersey Historical Commission Howard L. Green

National Park Service John Maounis Maryanne Gerbauckas Nancy Waters George Tselos Smithsonian Institution Bernard Finn Arthur P. Molella


James Brittain, Georgia Institute of Technology Alfred D. Chandler, Jr., Harvard University Neil Harris, University of Chicago Thomas Parke Hughes, University of Pennsylvania Arthur Link, Princeton University Nathan Reingold, Smithsonian Institution Robert B. Schofield, Iowa State University


William C. Hittinger (Chairman), RCA Corporation Edward J. Bloustein, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Cees Bruynes, North American Philips Corporation Paul J. Christiansen, Charles Edison Fund Philip F. Dietz, Westinghouse Electric Corporation Roland W. Schmitt, General Electric Corporation Harold W. Sonn, Public Service Electric and Gas Company Morris Tanenbaum, AT&T




The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Charles Edison Fund The Hyde and Watson Foundation Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation


National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities National Historical Publications and Records Commission


Alabama Power Company Amerada Hess Corporation Anonymous AT&T

Atlantic Electric

Association of Edison Illuminating Companies, Inc.

Batteiie Memorial Institute The Boston Edison Foundation Cabot Corporation Foundation, Inc. Carolina Power & Light Company Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc.

Consumers Power Company Coming Glass Works Foundation Duke Power Company Entergy Corporation (Middle South Electric Systems)

Exxon Corporation Florida Power & Light Company General Electric Foundation Gould Inc. Foundation Gulf States Utilities Company Idaho Power Company International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers

Iowa Power and Light Company

Mr. and Mrs. Stanley H. Katz Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. McGraw-Edison Company Minnesota Power New Jersey Bell New York State Electric & Gas Corporation

North American Philips Corporation Philadelphia Electric Company Philips International B.V.

Public Service Electric and Gas Company RCA Corporation Robert Bosch GmbH Rochester Gas and Electric Corporation

San Diego Gas & Electric Savannah Electric and Power Company Schering-Plough Foundation Texas Utilities Company Thomas & Betts Corporation Thomson Grand Public Transamerica Delaval Inc. Westinghouse Educational Foundation Wisconsin Public Service Corporation

A Note on the Sources

The pages which have been filmed are the best copies available. Every technical effort possible has been made to ensure legibility.


Reel duplication of the whole or of any part of this film is prohibited. In lieu of transcripts, however, enlarged photocopies of selected items contained on these reels may be made in order to facilitate research.

1896 DOCUMENT FILE 1896. Dick (A.B) Company (D-96-01)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the mimeograph business of the A. B. Dick Co. Some of the items pertain to a dispute between the company and J. Lewis Young over the unauthorized sale of mimeographs in Great Britain. Also included arc a letter regarding Edison’s stock dividends, an annual financial report, and a comparative statement of sales and profits for the years 1889-1896.

1896. Edison, TA. Central (D-96-02)

This folder contains documents, primarily correspondence, covering a variety of subjects. Some of the material relates to personal matters. Documents that deal with more than one subject or that do not fall under the main subject categories are also filed in this folder. Among the items for 1896 are letters regarding Edison’s attendance at a ceremony honoring Lord Kelvin and an invitation from the mayor of Port Huron, Michigan, for Edison to attend a celebration of his fiftieth birthday. Also included is a letter pertaining to Edison’s testimony in the 1890 street-railway case of Pelton v. East Cleveland Railroad Co. At the end of the folder, in Edison s handwriting, is a stanza from Thomas Gray’s "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard."

1896. Edison, TA. - Accounts (D-96-03) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine documents relating to Edison’s personal and business finances. All of the documents are routine deposit receipts for Edison’s account at the German National Bank.

1896. Edison, TA. - Articles (D-96-04)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents requesting Edison to write articles; correspondence relating to articles about Edison and his inventions; and letters from journalists seeking to interview Edison. Most of the items pertain to Edison’s x-ray experiments. Included arc letters from Thomas Commerford Martin, who interviewed Edison for a symposium on x-rays published in Century magazine; and an undated manuscript regarding Edison and the x-ray, compiled by Francis Leon Chrisman.

1896. Edison, TA. - Clubs and Societies (D-96-05)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to Edison’s membership and activities in social clubs and professional societies. Some or the letters pertain to demonstrationsor lectures on x-rays. Also included is a letter from the American Academy of Arts and Sciences regarding the award of the Rumford

1896. Edison, TA. - Employment (D-96-06) [not filmed]

This folder contains correspondence from or about employees and former or prospective employees. Most of the items are requests for employment at the West Orange laboratoiy or various Edison companies. One letter refers to an advertisement for a draftsman at the New Jersey and Pennsylvania Concentrating Works.

1896. Edison, TA. - Family (D-96-07)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents by and about Edison’s family. Included are items relating to the death and funeral arrangementsof Edison’s father, Samuel. Other letters pertain to the monthly financial allowance to Edison’s daughter, Marion Edison Oescr. There are also two letters by Thomas A. Edison, Jr., regarding his business and personal affairs.

1896. Edison, TA. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Advice (D-96-08)

This folder contains routine correspondence suggesting improvements in Edison’s inventions, asking him for advice on technical matters, or requestinghis assistance in improving or promoting an invention. Also included are unsolicited letters from inventors about their work. Almost all of the letters pertain to x-ray technology.

1896. Edison, TA. Unsolicited Correspondence - Business (D-96-09) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine correspondence requesting agencies for Edison’s inventions, inquiring about their purchase or cost, asking for other information about his inventions, or seeking to do business with Edison. Most of the letters relate to x-ray technology. These inquiries received a standard reply stating that Edison had not yet perfected his x-ray apparatus and that he did not expect to market the device. Many of the documents contain routine Edison marginalia.

1896. Edison, TA. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Personal (D-96-10) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine personal requests, fan mail, and other items for which no record of a significant response by Edison has been found. Included are letters asking Edison for educational advice, personal information, loans, charitable contributions, exhibits of his inventions, and other personal favors.

1896. Edison, TA. - Visitors (D-96-11)

This folder contains requests to visit Edison or to tour the West Orange laboratory or company shops. Included are a letter regarding a prospective visit by Francis Jehl and Theodore Beran; and a letter of introduction by Thomas C. Martin. Substantive letters from individuals who visited the laboratory or company shops on business can be found in their appropriate subject folders.

1896. Edison Manufacturing Company (D-96-12)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the business of the Edison Manufacturing Co. Included are letters pertaining to the termination of the agreement between Edison and Felix Lalande giving the company the right to sell Lalande’s batteiy in the United States. Related material can be found in the various "Motion Pictures" folders.

1896. Electric Light - General (D-96-13)

This folder contains correspondence relating to electric lighting and power. There are only 2 items for 1896: a letter from William D. Marks, president of the Edison Electric Light Co. of Philadelphia, detailing the costs of producing electric light at that station; and a test report made by a committee of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers.

1896. Electric Light - Edison Electric Illuminating Company or New York (D-96-14)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the business of the Edison Electric Illuminating Co. of New York. Included are monthly financial reports, showing comparative earnings, expenses, and other statistics for the years 1895-1896; monthly construction accounts; and a report by Richard R. Bowker, first vice president, discussing company operations.

1896. Electric Light - General Electric Company (D-96-15)

This folder contains correspondence relating to the business of the General Electric Co. Most of the documents pertain to negotiations for a new laboratory contract between Edison and the company. There are also letters about the development of fluorescent lamps and items concerning the company’s efforts to locate the corporate records of the Edison Lamp Co. and the Edison Machine Works. Among the correspondents is Frederick P. Fish, an attorney and company official who negotiated the new contract.

1896. Mining (D-96-16)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to mining and ore milling. Included are items pertaining to the purchase of ore milling machinery and the operation of the plant at Edison, N J. There is also a letter about a new steel-making process.

1896. Motion Pictures - Kinetoscope Exhibiting Company (D-96-17)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the business of the Kinetoscope Exhibiting Co. Included are documents regarding the transfer of the company’s interests to the personal control of its president, Samuel J. Tilden. There are also letters about the sale of prize-fight films.

1896. Motion Pictures - Maguire & Bnucus (D-96-18)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relatingto the business of Maguire & Bnucus, which held the rights to market Edison’s kinetoscope in Europe. Many of the letters pertain to the Continental Commerce Co., which acted as the European sales agent for Maguire & Baucus. Included are documents regarding the marketing of the kinetoscope in Germany and Austria and items concerning the business relationship between the company and Edison. Among the correspondents are Joseph D. Baucus, treasurer of the Continental Commerce Co., and Franck Z. Maguire, vice president and general manager of Maguire & Baucus. Related material can be found in D-96-23 (Phonograph - Edison United Phonograph Co.).

1896. Motion Pictures - Raff & Gammon (D-96-19)

This folder contains correspondence relating to the business of Raff & Gammon, which held the rights to market Edison's kinetoscope and films in the United States and Canada. Included are letters about the firm’s attempt to obtain boxing films controlled by the Kinetoscope Exhibiting Co. and the termination of Raff & Gammon’s agency by the Edison Manufacturing Co.

1896. Patents (D-96-20)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents from Edison’s patent attorneys and agents relating to domestic and foreign patent applications, patent litigation, and other patent matters. Included are letters pertaining to patents for the kinetoscope, the phonograph, and ore milling machinery. There is also a translation of Charles Weyher’s 1880 French patent on the phonograph. Most of the letters are by Richard N. Dyer and the law firm of Dyer & Driscoll.

1896. Phonograph - General (D-96-21)

This folder contains correspondence about the technical and commercial development of the phonograph. Included are letters about the cancellation of Edison Phonograph Toy Manufacturing Co. contracts and stock certificates, and the settlement of a suit between the Edison United Phonograph Co., the North American Phonograph Co., and the Edison Phonograph Works. Many of the letters are by Richard N. Dyer, Edison’s attorney.

1896. Phonograph - Edison Phonograph Works (D-96-22) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine correspondence and other documents relating to orders and shipments of phonograph supplies.

1896. Phonograph - Edison United Phonograph Company (D-96-23)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the business of the Edison United Phonograph Co. Included are letters pertainingto the formation of phonograph syndicates in France and Italy; the organization of the Deutsche Edison Phonograpben Gesellschaft; and the operations of the British

phonograph syndicate, the Edison-Bcll Phonograph Corporation, Ltd. Some of the items deal with efforts to reorganize the E.U.P.C.;othcr letters discuss technical problems with the phonograph. At the end of the folder is a two-page statement of the company’s assets. Many of the letters in this folder were authored by, or sent to, Stephen F. Moriarty, the company’s general manager; among these is a lengthy letter to Senator Thomas C. Platt regarding the histoiy of the E.U.P.C. and its relationship with Edison. Other correspondents include G. N. Morison, secretary or the E.U.P.C.; William A. Smith of the Edison-Bcll Phonograph Corporation; and Ludwig Stollwcrck of the Deutsche Edison Phonographcn Gcscilschaft.

1896. Phonograph - National Phonograph Company (D-96-24)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents pertaining to the business of the National Phonograph Co., which was organized in 1896. Included are letters concerning the assignment to the company of Edison’s claims against the North American Phonograph Co. There are also letters regarding Edison’s marketing strategies; his efforts to develop a cheaper phonograph; and the role of Maguire & Baucus as general sales agents for the phonograph.

1896. Phonograph - North American Phonograph Company (D-96-25)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the North American Phonograph Co., which went into receivership in 1894. Included are letters about the claims of Edison and others against the company and about arrangements to auction its assets. Among the correspondents is John R. Hardin, receiver of the company.

1896. Phonograph - Ott Manufacturing Company (D-96-26)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the business of the Ott Manufacturing Co., which was organized by Edison and others to facilitate the transfer of assets from the North American Phonograph Co. to the National Phonograph Co. Included arc letters about the appointment of company officers and a copy of the company by-laws.

1896. Telegraph - General (D-96-27)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the technical and commercial development of the telegraph. Included are letters pertaining to Edison’s and George Harrington’s lawsuit against Jay Gould and the Atlantic & Pacific Telegraph Co. There is also an item regarding the transfer of Edison’s rights to his facsimile telegraph to publisher William Randolph Hearst and a letter from Josiah C. Reiff discussing the death of Edison’s father, Samuel.

1896. Telegraph - Phonoplex (D-96-28) [not filmed]

This folder contains correspondence and other documents pertaining to the Edison Phonoplex System of Telegraphy. The daily operations of this company were conducted by W. S. Loguc and received very little attention from Edison. Most of the documents arc routine letters regarding the sale and service of phonoplex circuits to the Baltimore & Ohio Southwestern Railway Cb. and the National Transit Co. There are also documents relating to an advertisement in Telegraph Age.

1896. Telephone (D-96-29) [not filmed]

This folder contains routine letters of transmittal accompanying royalty payments to Edison from the American Bell Telephone Co.

1896. West Orange Laboratory (D-96-30)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to operations at the West Orange laboratory. Included are letters about experiments on Heniy L. Brevoort’s process for waterproofing fabrics by electricity. There are also documents relating to fire and safety inspections of the laboratoiy for insurance purposes. At the end of the folder are two lists of chemical orders, compiled by Edison.

1896. X-Rays (D-96-31)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the development of x-ray technology. Included are items about Edison’s experiments with x-ray equipment, the Crooke’s tube, and the fluoroscope; and documents regarding the use of x-rays in hardening aluminum. There are also letters about the medical applications of x-rays and inquiries concerning the commercial availability of x-ray equipment. Many of the letters are unsolicited inquiries that received a significant response from Edison. Related items can be found in numerous folders throughout the 1896 Document File. See, particularly, D-96-04 (Edison, T.A. - Articles); D-96-05 (Edison, T.A. - Clubs and Societies); D-96-09 (Edison, T.A. - Unsolicited Correspondence- Business); and D-96-18 (Motion Pictures - Maguire & Baucus).

1896. Dick (A.B) Company (D-96-01)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the mimeograph business of the A. B. Dick Co. Some of the items pertain to a dispute between the company and J. Lewis Young over the unauthorized sale of mimeographs in Great Britain. Also included are a letter regarding Edison’s stock dividends, an annual financial report, and a comparative statement of sales and profits for the years 1889-1896.

All the documents have been filmed.

Statement of the business of the A. B. Dick Company, for year ending April 30th, 1896.

Sales of Mdse, for the year,


Less Mdse, returned, $


Less Allowances in settlements,


Less Cash Discount on Mdse . sold,



Net amount Mdse, sold,



Inventory of Mdse, on hand at

commencement of year,


Cost of Mdse, purchased during

fiscal year,


Total Cost of Mdse, sold and on

hand, including Labor and Material,


Less Inventory of stock on hand,

April 30th, 1896,


Actual SHOP cost of Mdse, sold,


Add Royalties paid on same ,


Total cost of Mdse, sold.


Less Cash Discount on material




Net cost of Mdse, sold,

81. 836’. 08 '

GROSS PROFIT for the year,



Salary, . f


Expense- accouiitj-proper ,

12, 633-. 61


Atlanta Pair Exposition,


Advertising account,


New York & Philadelphia expense

account ,


Interest and Exchange and Collection



Commission account.


Total General Expense,


' ACTUAL PROFIT on Mdse, sold



Patent Litigation Expense,



Accounts charged to Profit and Loss

during the year,

.557,12 .


Add Royalties received from Licencees,


Total NET GAIN for year,


Undivided profits in surplus account ,

' / ' ' ' ^


Total undivided profits

April 30th,' 1896.j




Statement of Assets and Liabilities of A. B. Dick Company, April 30th, 1896.


Cash on hand for current uses, Dividend Fund Reserved,

Accounts and Bills Receivable, Mdse, on hand as per Inventory, Office Fixtures at Chicago and New York City,

Special Tools,

Pomeroy Duplicator Stock, Contract and Patent account,

§ 10,271.13 55,720.45 136,097.74 52,683.31

3,177-. 66 7,156-. 93 2,500.00

456.000.00 §723,607.22


Unmatured Bills and Accounts, Capital Stock,

Undivided Profits in Surplus Account April 30th, 1895, Undivided Profits earned in year ending April 30th, 1896,




62,227.00 §723,607.22

Comparative Statement of Sales for years ending April 30th 1889, 1890, 1891, 1892, 1893, 1894, 1895 and 1896.

Total net sales for year ending April 30th, 1889, $ 79,422.28 Total net sales for year ending April 30th, 1890, 113,103.45 Total net sales for year ending April 30th, 1891, 152,817.91 Total net sales for year ending April 30th, 1892, 210,922.30 Total net sales for year ending April 30th, 1893, 217,545.90 Total net sales for year ending April 30th, 1894, 208,012.12 Total net sales for year ending April 30th, 1895, 201,430.46 Total net sales for year ending April 30th, 1896, 223,906.55

Comparative Statement of Net Profits for years ending April 30th 1889, 1890, 1891, 1892, 1893, 1894, 1895 and 1896.

Total net profit for year ending April 30th, 1889,$ 11,608.12 Total net profit for year ending April 30th, 1890, 23,239.85 Total net profit for year ending April 30th, 1891, 30,215.01 Total net profit for year ending April 30th, 1892, 57,049.72 Total net profit for year ending April 30th, 1893, 66,151707" Total net profit for year ending April 30th, 1894, 46,906.90. Total net profit for year ending April 30th, 1895, 45,875.67 Total net profit for year ending April 30th, 1896, 62,227.00

Thomas Alva Edison Esq.

The Laboratory Orange, N.J.

&3'' . ‘‘

67, P 0 RE SIR E E T, L 0 N D 0 N, E. C. August 19th 1 896.

wl11 B .. I.havo t? write you again on a subject which I trust you will do me the favor of properly considering and advising me thereon.

, - . ‘-y reason for writing you is the issuing of a circular by Mr

A.B. Dick dated June 24th 1896, and which I enclose herev/ith. ,,?-.re5frn8vth0 £ir8t letter which is dated 6th July I think

the WH1+5lnd4.5y r!f?rence that should have been 6th July 1892,

the dates of the other letters appear quite correct. *

of the ftLv^nt-v special point of calling your attention to the date vo„ e 1 ??r from yourself to Mr A.B. Dick because I have to give

you some information and particulars about that.

Mr Dick Who wnn wtfh f16*1 l m*3 'vith Gauraud at Edison House I met

hv ri with Mr Tate and Mr Dyer. Mr Dick was introduced to me

hL"ftT 4 n a son tl ornan who was a very great friend of yours, and who had financed you very considerably in the past, and thut he had obtained from you the sole rights of the Mimeograph throughout the world, v * n Dick told mQ m06t distinctly that tho Mimeograph was na- and hfda«L°Hen -the world* ^ had sent a mimeograph tf Coi. Qouraud and had asked Col. Gouraud to take up the sale of it. but for some r«n«inn

;“CS 1 T 1 "houfd « tn^T0"

thn r,i»n°j!»ivhe»l!nder8tanv,,s and assurance by Mr Diek and Mr Tate that oSside of the Un?t^°lvrvy pr?t8cted la ull the countries of the world ' °r tk® United States, I took up the sale of it, agreeing to pay

Mr Dick a certain sum for machines and supplies. SPY

^fter..1 had atarted in the business some considerable time I in r0MrdbtoatMR8™!tfUCOatOAWo^f’ and 1 communicated with Mr Dick I was to defend ?ha aevfA an nf?rrned by cable and otherwise that

natonted and further that the mimeograph was properly

$!ta",.!d^nd pr?teoted» and be would assure me the necfsaarv protector!7

largely advertised the business? I had left “udanHe^ted $2 whole °f my time to the Mimeograph business, and it was not until a days before the trial and the action that Mr Dick had to admit fw *

Thoa. A. Edison i

to America that ao far aa ha Know r.:r Dick's contract a copy of which ho save me, with yourself only referred to Amor lea in which country you hafi patents. That being tho caos I had to mako a compromise with tho people who were suing me, and of course I found that that I had mado a contract with Mr Dick for soma thing which he did not possess, and a’ so bound mysolf in such a way which night hove prevented me doin^ any bun inass in that particular lino.

I went to America and saw Mr Dick, and ,1 asked him if he would agree to the formation of a Company with say §280,000 capital, and he to take some interest in that Company, and in spite of the falsehoods whicn he had told me, and tho bad position in which he hud placed me, I saio that I would go on with the buoinoso.

v . this time through the expenditure of time, energy, and money

I had created quite a nice little business, not a large one, becauoC the copying apparatus business in this country had boon thoroughly worked out from tho year 1374, and therefore the business was extremely diffi¬ cult to do, so much so that tho profits were more than absorbed in ex¬ penses.

In 1892 in order to get the requisite capital and to satisfy persons who had interested themselves in the business I formed a Coy. called "The J.L. Young .Manufacturing Co." and I went on for some consider¬ able time purchasing goods of Mr Dick with apparently no protection, although I informed him from time to time that in consequence of tho Action of Zuccato & v/oollf, and the publicity which was then given to the matter, a number of other pooplo were making mimeographs and supplies and selling thorn at j’rices which would not permit no to compote, and I therefore asked him to aoo if he could not arrange to reduce the old prices or to make such a binding arrangement with me as would eermit of our successfully competing with those other parties.

tjr Jiick ignored all these representations on my part, and find¬ ing that I had worked up some kind of a trade he appears to have in¬ stigated to Ur Phillip Dyer, who I know and beliove to be a very honora- ble man, and a Mr Eenborg to visit all my customers. It upooars that

Mr Dick had given Eenborg and Dyer u kind of commission agency to sell mimeographs in quantities, and he offered them good inducement to our- chaso them. Messrs Dyer & Eonberg never spent 6d. in advertising* or pushing the business beyond going round to such parties that I had intro¬ duced the parties tc, and endeavoring to switch their orders from me to them, and at last Messrs Dyer & Eenborg finding that thoir business in a?d aJSeWi?9r£ Wa® kill0a the competition and the prices came to Victoria Street, 'ffestminstor and took a large office there, while I was still working with Mr Dick, and both Mr Eenborg and fir Dyer went to ill my customers and offered them tho mimeograph at something like §1 on cost, and Supplies at Just about the price that I was paying Dick.

Aho result of this was that the whole of these people whom ho had visit¬ ed refused to purchase any more mimeographs of me without they could got them at the same price aB they could buy them of Dyor.

I pointed out to these various parties that I had spent and was spending a large amount of money in advertising the mimeograph, that all orders they received for mimeographs and supplies come through my

Thos. A. Edison Esq. 5.

advertising and not through their own personal, work, and that further I was not in the same position as Dyer and Eenberg merely soiling on com¬ mission without any exploitation expenses, and it was impossible for me to sell the goods at Dyer's prices excopt I had had little or no trouble to get the business. My expenses which resulted in a loss up till that time v/ero between £5000 and £6000.

I wrote to Mr Dick complaining of this and telling him that I did not think it was fair business, and that I stood ready at any time to do anything that was fair and reasonable to work harmoniously togeth¬ er and to practically got that which I was entitlod to, after having made such a large outlay on the business.

Mr Dick in the Summer of 1692 came to London and culled upon me in Fore Street, and said "I will tell you what it is Young, 1 thinkthat 4# you can make the mimeograph over here Just as cheap as I cun moke it in America, and I will sell you my business for §25000."

I saw my Directors about the matter, and ultimately our Soli¬ citor wrote a letter to Mr Dick and asked him what it was he proposed to sell for §25000, as we considered that seeing that there was no patents on the Mimeograph, that anybody who could make it could do so without lot or hindrance, that since the Action of Zucoato & Woollf's, and Mr Dick's climb down in regard to the patents which he was supposed to possess a number of other people had started in the business, and therefore we could not see what claim he could make upon us.

In the end Mr Dick called in and in the presence of myself and two of the Directors of this Company informed us that ho had no business to sell, but that he wanted §25000 as a kind of bonus to prevent him going into opposition. Of course that was rathor a large order, see¬ ing that we had made no money whatever out of the business, that we had spent a great deal, that the prices of mimeographs had been broken up in consequence of the action of Eenberg & Dyer, and a number of other ma¬ chines had appeared on the market, and we had no special protection of the mimeograph. Wo therefore told him that seeing that he had no rights he had no rights to soil, and therefore wo could not see for what he could make a claim upon us.

In the letter of tho 6th July which I submit is 1892 you will find that my letter to Dick is in connection with this matter, and Mr Tate informed me when I went to America principally on this matter, and while I wished to see you, everything was done in the Laboratory and elsewhere to prevent me gaining access to you, because although Mr Tate, whom I believe was somewhat bound to fir Dick, could see that per¬ fectly well that I should make such an explanation to you as would ensure your proper attention to the matter. When Mr Tate found that I was so very persistent in the matter he told me that when fir Edison gave the license to Mr Dick. a copy of it I had obtained from Messrs Dick & Seeley, Mr Edison wob under the impression that ho had patents all over the world, and that the mimeograph was properly protected by patents, but as it has turned out he has no patents then you have just as much right to sell the mimeograph as anybody else", and ho told me that he had seen you on the matter and that you had made no demur at all about it.

Thos. A. Edison Esq. 4

I was still ordering mimeographs and supplies from Mr Dick, and Dick evidently not believing what I told him that other people were making the mimeograph here and selling it, refused to supply me with any more goods for no reason v/hatsver, except that I had resented the treatment by Messrs Dyer & Eenberg at Mr Dicks instigation, and there¬ fore this Company was compelled to go on with the business, and have had since the year 1893 the mimeograph and supplies made, and have sold thorn.

Ihe business in the mimeograph has not been a very large one becauae as the largest purchasers of mimeographs, the Typewriter Com¬ panies, having discovered that there wore no patents in the mimeograph at all, had got some of the other parties whom I have referred to to make mimeographs for them, and each one of the Typewriter Companies wore putting out machines, similar in all reapects to the mimeograph, In fact the exact copy of it, under the name of Remington, and Yost Duplicators, and so forth. Consequently the v/hole of the trade in those things practically through Eenberg’ s action, and the litigation which I have referred to so far as this Company is concerned ceased, and all the ex¬ penses for advertising, &c. only benefited other people.

In 1893 I went to America with my wife, and I endeavored to see you about this matter. I saw Mr Tate and 'he told me quite a number of things, and as I looked upon him as a responsible party, I believed, not only in regard to the mimeograph but aleo the phonograph business, and in regard to this .phonograph business I may have to write you again giving you some information of which I do not believe you are possessed, which will explain my position in the matter. But I would say this, that so far as the phonograph business is concerned I absolutely went into that purely on-; the strength of a long cable which I received from Mr Tate inviting me: to go into it, and you may gather how surprised I was to find Mr Tate .over here in opposition although lir Tate had been with me in America for several weeks together, and also here in Iiondon

and he had told. me that ho did not intend to be in opposition to me, but

simply was working ;ine as^a lever against the Edison United and the Edison Bell. However,'. I, ’believe that your letter of the 6th July was written entirely under a misapprehension, and without any knowledge of the facts which I have now placed before you, although I have several times tried to put these fact6 before you, and on one occasion I sont a letter to

Mr Sam Instill whom I know very well, and asked him to hand it to you to

ensure .your getting it, but I believe that in some way Insull was bound to Dick, and therefore you did not- got it.

What I complain of now is the publication of this letter men¬ tioning my name, which is directed exclusively against me, and you will see that Dick haB a very happy knack of making use of this correspondence which has nothing* whatever to do with the present position of affairs.

You will:, see in the letter of June 24th that Dick further de¬ clares it to te "our intention to prosecute all infringers of our pa¬ tents"

Now I have already explained to you that Dick has admitted that he has no patents, that the only patent that he has here is one taken

ThOS. A. Edison Esq. 5.

<r oV

out by Ailinaon, and which hia Council in Court has admitted in evidence was of no use and that the pai^y who sold Dick thiB patent was -not an inventor, and that further the invention of the Typewriter Stencil paper had been made and used in England long previous to that..

I do not know what relations you have with Dick, I hope that they are pleasant and profitable, but what I do object to is the unfair way in which Dick has acted throughout, and the manner in which he has used these letters to direct against me, and if Mr Dick wants to go into opposition I have no quarrel with that, but I do think that seeing that he has no rights, and that with all reopect to you, you have no rights which you can confer upon him, or anyone else where you have no patents, that he ought to bo asked by you to stop publishing such documents.

I do not wish to to law on the matter because I have alroady spent between £8000 & £9000 on litigation over the phonograph business and have come out at the little end of the horn, and I do not wioh for such litigation to take place, because there will be raised such a scan¬ dal as cannot vory easily be stopped, and I therefore beg you to see what you can do with Dick to prevent further dissemination of theBe documents I am sending several copies of this letter to you to America to various addresses where I think you will be, in the hopes that you will receive ono of them, and that I shall rooeive a reply in due course.

Yours faithfully.






0 R A N 0 X H.J. 6th July,

Phonograph Dictation

A«B« Diok Esq., President,

A»B. Diok Company,

Dear 8ir:» ^ioago, Ule.

I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of 24th ultlae in which you quote from an extract from a letter that you have received from Mr J.Lewis Young of London, England. In reply I beg to say that the statements made by Mr Young, are, so far as I am concerned, entirely gratuitous and unauthorized.

During the year 1889 I gave a license to your Company pertain¬ ing to the sale of mimeographs in foreign countries, the terms of which were exclusive, and in whioh your rights are fully set forth.

Mr Young's statement to the effect that he regards himself and those interested with him as having an absolute right to sell a copying apparatus called the Edison Mimeograph, I cannot regard a. serious* or earnestly intended, for the reason that Mr Young must be aware that I have never authorised him to use »y name in any connection whatsoever, and he certainly eught to know that I will not permit him to make an unauthorized use of it.

Yours very truly,

xhos« A*Edlson( signed)


ft I tf'B 0 0 R A ? H & SUPPLIES,

Cable address "Edison Mew York" , * ••


ORANOR, N.J. Jan 30th 10$

Phonograph Dictation 1 '

Ths A. B. Dick Company of Chicago Illinois U.3.A. are the only authorized manufacturers of the Edison Mimeograph.

Cable address Dick Chicago


n-i-r, makers of the Kdison Mimeograph

Branch Of fl. cos and other office

Cenernl OfU ces

-152 & 154 Lake Street Chicago,

To whom it may concern ' Chicago, June 24th 1895.

tfartyn •'“V ,h0

IT T0 0UR INTENTION TO PROSECUTE ALL SdJ b? Siie8 we%t/rCfr°d f*80? “imeographs and supplies by UB. and sJ.rS l as ft’awdhlent imitations of goods made

through X orlhSS^^Hfi. 1S n0t Made Wlth any authority eithS

ri.B.Dick Company. (signed)

1896. Edison,